- by Hall Larry
A prostate gland in men secretes a nourishing fluid for the sperm. This gland is located around the urethra, the tube that allows the urine to pass from the bladder. If there is an enlargement of prostate, it will press on the urethra cause it to narrow down. This will cause trouble while urinating. This condition is very common in men above the age of 60. To reduce this condition prostate treatment needs to be taken.
Causes of Enlarged Prostate
The walnut sized prostate gland is placed between the pubic bone and rectum, around the urethra. In the earlier stage of enlargement, the muscles of the bladder become thick. This forces the urine to go through the narrow urethra by more powerful contractions. This may further lead to the sensitisation of bladder muscles, causing frequent urination and sudden urination. This enlargement occurs as the number of cells in the prostate increase. This condition is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph). Though the correct reason for this increase in the number of cells is not known, many factors are known to influence the high number of cells. Some of them are androgens, oestrogens, cell signalling pathways and growth factors.
As the condition worsens, the urethra is squeezed more and the bladder will lose the ability to compensate. This blockage may also cause infections in the urinary tract, which might lead to kidney infections and damage and other problems like stones in the bladder. Urinary retention or inability to urinate might also occur which is termed as a medical emergency.
Symptoms of Enlarged Prostate
Though there are not many distinct symptoms of enlarge prostate, some of the common ones might be the following
System of slow urination