A prostate gland in men secretes a nourishing fluid for the sperm. This gland is located around the urethra, the tube that allows the urine to pass from the bladder. If there is an enlargement of prostate, it will press on the urethra cause it to narrow down. This will cause trouble while urinating. This condition is very common in men above the age of 60. To reduce this condition prostate treatment needs to be taken.
Causes of Enlarged Prostate
The walnut sized prostate gland is placed between the pubic bone and rectum, around the urethra. In the earlier stage of enlargement, the muscles of the bladder become thick. This forces the urine to go through the narrow urethra by more powerful contractions. This may further lead to the sensitisation of bladder muscles, causing frequent urination and sudden urination. This enlargement occurs as the number of cells in the prostate increase. This condition is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph). Though the correct reason for this increase in the number of cells is not known, many factors are known to influence the high number of cells. Some of them are androgens, oestrogens, cell signalling pathways and growth factors.
As the condition worsens, the urethra is squeezed more and the bladder will lose the ability to compensate. This blockage may also cause infections in the urinary tract, which might lead to kidney infections and damage and other problems like stones in the bladder. Urinary retention or inability to urinate might also occur which is termed as a medical emergency.
Symptoms of Enlarged Prostate
Though there are not many distinct symptoms of enlarge prostate, some of the common ones might be the following
System of slow urination
Difficulty in starting the process of urination
If you feel that the bladder has been incompletely emptied
Straining during urination
Frequently waking up in the night to urinate
Urgency to urinate
Dribbling of urine
Blood in the urine
As the condition of enlarged prostate worsens, you will start to experience fever, chills, vomiting and nausea. Lower back pain and blood in the urine indicate a worse condition, when doctor’s consultation becomes necessary. These symptoms should not be neglected and immediate care should be sought. In cases of urinary retention, emergency care should be availed. Regular checks for prostate enlargement are necessary for men over the age of 50, even without any noticeable symptoms.
Once your doctor has diagnosed the problem, it might take more tests and exams to confirm the complexity of the condition. If you are not showing any major complications, the doctor may not suggest immediate prostate treatment. In case of severe symptoms, there is availability of surgical and medical treatments.
The most common indicator is frequent runs to the bathroom during the night. Consult a doctor and have regular checks to control the condition. as the condition may not be avoided completely, knowledge about the symptoms and treatment will give you a better chance to identify and seek help at the right time.